What is an oily skin?
People with oily skin tend to have larger pores and a shiny, thicker feeling complexion. Your skin produces more than enough oil, so hydration isn’t your issue. Rather, blackheads and pimples are a common problem with this skin type. If you still aren’t sure if you have oily skin, blot your face with a tissue and if oil stays behind, then you probably do. Heat and humidity will increase sebum production, which is why your t-zone may become super oily in the summer while your cheeks seem to normalize. In winter, when furnace heat kicks in and cold strips your skin of its natural oils, your oily spots may become more normal while your cheeks become dry and flaky. Hormones can also cause your skin to over-produce oil in some areas while drying out in others.
How do you know if you have oily skin?
Your face looks and feels greasy and shiny all over. You tend to have clogged pores, and your skin is prone to both noninflammatory acne (blackheads and whiteheads) and inflammatory acne (pimples and cystic zits). If you need to blot your face every few hours to get rid of excess oil that means you have an oily skin.
How to take care of oily skin?
Cleansing the face well (with gentle, not stripping cleanser) to get rid of excess sebum, impurities and dirt. Choose oil-free moisturizers, which tend to contain glycerin and other humectants that draw water out onto the skin. Look for oil-free sunscreens and lotions as well so that you don’t inadvertently add more oil to your skin.
What to avoid when you have oily skin?
Don't overwash your face. The skin needs its natural oils, and overwashing deprives glands of those oils and sends them into survival mode. They compensate by producing more oil and inflicting your skin with clogged, enlarged pores. Avoiding heavy creams and emollients for minimizing the appearance of oil. Avoid any clogging ingredients (as mineral oil or petrolatum) in your products and when possible choose oil-free products. Avoid stripping toners and thick makeup products.